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Announcing PyCaret 2.0

Announcing PyCaret 2.0

by Moez Ali

https://www.pycaret.org
We are excited to announce the second release of PyCaret today.
PyCaret is an open source, low-code machine learning library in Python that automates machine learning workflow. It is an end-to-end machine learning and model management tool that speeds up machine learning experiment cycle and makes you more productive.
In comparison with the other open source machine learning libraries, PyCaret is an alternate low-code library that can be used to replace hundreds of lines of code with few words only. This makes experiments exponentially fast and efficient.
See detailed release notes for PyCaret 2.0.

Why use PyCaret?

PyCaret 2.0 Features

Installing PyCaret 2.0

Installing PyCaret is very easy and takes only a few minutes. We strongly recommend using virtual environment to avoid potential conflict with other libraries. See the following example code to create a conda ***environment ***and install pycaret within that conda environment:
**# create a conda environment **
conda create --name yourenvname python=3.6
โ€‹
**# activate environment **
conda activate yourenvname
โ€‹
**# install pycaret **
pip install **pycaret==2.0 **
โ€‹
**# create notebook kernel linked with the conda environment python -m **ipykernel install --user --name yourenvname --display-name "display-name"
If you are using Azure notebooks or Google Colab, run the following code to install PyCaret.
!pip install **pycaret==2.0**
All hard dependencies are automatically installed when you install PyCaret using pip. Click here to see the complete list of dependencies.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Getting Started with PyCaret 2.0

The first step of any machine learning experiment in PyCaret is to set up an environment by importing the relevant module and initialize the **setup function **by passing dataframe and name of the target variable. See example code:
Sample Output:
Output is truncated
All the preprocessing transformations are applied within **setup function. **PyCaret provides over 20 different pre-processing transformation that can be defined within setup function. Click here to learn more about PyCaretโ€™s preprocessing abilities.
https://www.pycaret.org/preprocessing

๐Ÿ‘‰ Compare Models

This is the first step we recommend in any supervised machine learning task. This function trains all the models in the model library using default hyperparameters and evaluates performance metrics using cross validation. It returns the trained model object class. The evaluation metrics used are:
  • **For Classification: **Accuracy, AUC, Recall, Precision, F1, Kappa, MCC
  • **For Regression: **MAE, MSE, RMSE, R2, RMSLE, MAPE
Here are few ways you can use compare_models function:
Sample Output:
Sample output from compare_models function

๐Ÿ‘‰ Create Model

Create Model function trains a model using default hyperparameters and evaluates performance metrics using cross validation. This function is base to almost all other functions in PyCaret. It returns the trained model object class. Here are few ways you can use this function:
Sample Output:
Sample output from create_model function
To learn more about create model function, click here.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Tune Model

Tune Model function tunes the hyperparameter of the model passed as an estimator. It uses Random grid search with pre-defined tuning grids that are fully customizable. Here are few ways you can use this function:
To learn more about tune model function, click here.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Ensemble Model

There are few functions available to ensemble base learners. ensemble_model, **blend_models **and **stack_models **are three of them. Here are few ways you can use this function:
To learn more about ensemble models in PyCaret, click here.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Predict Model

As the name suggests, this function is used for inference / prediction. Here is how you can use it:

๐Ÿ‘‰ Plot Model

Plot Model function is used to evaluate performance of the trained machine learning model. Here is an example:
Sample output from plot_model function
โ€‹Click here to learn more about different visualization in PyCaret.
Alternatively, you can use **evaluate_model **function to see plots *via *the user interface within notebook.
evaluate_model function in PyCaret

๐Ÿ‘‰ Util functions

PyCaret 2.0 includes several new util functions that comes handy when managing your machine learning experiments with PyCaret. Some of them are shown below:
To see all new functions implemented in PyCaret 2.0, See release notes.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Experiment Logging

PyCaret 2.0 embeds MLflow tracking component as a backend API and UI for logging parameters, code versions, metrics, and output files when running your machine learning code and for later visualizing the results. Here is how you can log your experiment in PyCaret.
Output (on localhost:5000)
https://localhost:5000

๐Ÿ‘‰ Putting it all together โ€” Create your own AutoML software

Using all the functions, letโ€™s create a simple command line software that will train multiple models with default parameters, tune hyperparameters of top candidate models, try different ensembling techniques and returns / saves the best model. Here is the command line script:
This script will dynamically select and saves the best model. In just few lines of code you have developed your own Auto ML software with a full fledged logging system and even a UI presenting beautiful leaderboard.
There is no limit to what you can achieve using the light weight workflow automation library in Python. If you find this useful, please do not forget to give us โญ๏ธ on our github repo if you like PyCaret.
To hear more about PyCaret follow us on LinkedIn and Youtube.

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On this page
Announcing PyCaret 2.0
Why use PyCaret?
Installing PyCaret 2.0
๐Ÿ‘‰ Getting Started with PyCaret 2.0
๐Ÿ‘‰ Compare Models
๐Ÿ‘‰ Create Model
๐Ÿ‘‰ Tune Model
๐Ÿ‘‰ Ensemble Model
๐Ÿ‘‰ Predict Model
๐Ÿ‘‰ Plot Model
๐Ÿ‘‰ Util functions
๐Ÿ‘‰ Experiment Logging
๐Ÿ‘‰ Putting it all together โ€” Create your own AutoML software
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